Climate

A changing climate is affecting many facets of life on earth, including human health. E²SHI supports research in climate modeling and observations, climate and health, climate policy and decision-making, and behavioral change. See below for a list of research projects led by E²SHI Associates and seed grant recipients.

Air, climate and energy

A Johns Hopkins research team joined forces with researchers at Yale University and six other universities to form SEARCH (Solutions for Energy, AiR, Climate, and Health), a center supported by a five-year EPA grant to examine the linkages between air quality, energy policy, climate change and public health. Read more
 

Carbon market development in China

As the world’s largest greenhouse gas emitter, how China reduces its carbon footprint not only affects its economic development and competitiveness, but also impacts global efforts to stabilize the climate system. A team from SAIS investigated how China uses both administrative command-and-control measures and market schemes to reduce its carbon dioxide (CO₂) emissions, the primary culprit of human-caused climate change. Learn more
 

Civil society groups and global climate agreements

In 2015, COP21, or also known as the 2015 Paris Climate Conference, will for the first time will work towards establishing a legally binding and universal agreement on climate, with the aim of keeping global warming below 2° C. A team from the Krieger School of Arts and Sciences are studying how the COP21 is represented and contested among various civil society constituencies attending the meeting. They are exploring how the various proposals for a global treaty on carbon emissions are sounded out, discussed and debated among the civil society groups. Read more
 

Climate change impacts on the food system

An interdisciplinary team of Johns Hopkins researchers are modeling the effect of climate variables on all major food production sectors. By using models, the team is examining how the entire food system is affected by the availability and demand of resources and locations of population growth. Read more
 
Fishermen pulling their nets in Tamil Nadu, India. Photo credit: Henric Silversnö
 

Gathering data on cookstove black carbon emissions

A team of public health and hydrology researchers examined what portion of atmospheric black carbon over India and Nepal comes from traditional cook stoves, a major contributor of black carbon, or soot. Through this project, they also aimed to assess the health and environmental benefits that could be realized by reducing these emissions. Learn more
 

Health effects of extreme heat on asthma

As extreme heat becomes more frequent and intense, protecting those at greatest risk – including the poor, children, and the elderly – from fatalities and health complications from heat exposure grows as a public health concern. A team of researchers brought together their very different expertise to study the heat-related health effects on Baltimore’s inner-city children with asthma, a vulnerable population to extreme heat. Read more

Soil response to climate change

Soil is a major resource and the most important reservoir of carbon in the temperate zone, and yet the rate of carbon transformations below ground due to climate change is unknown. A team combined field observations, manipulations and modeling to examine changes in leaf litter decomposition rate, soil organic matter transformations, and soil carbon dioxide (CO2) and trace gas fluxes. The goal: to measure the amount and intensity of rainfall and leaf litter in different types of forests (different age and successional stages), including measuring soil CO2, methane (CH4) fluxes and soil carbon content. Learn more
 
Photo credit: debabrata

If sea level is a constant, your coastal infrastructure is your most valuable real estate, and it makes sense to invest in it, but with sea level rising, it becomes a money pit.
— William Stiles, executive director of Wetlands Watch, Norfolk VA. Nov 25, 2010